Management strategies to control American beech in northeastern woodlots. .
Funding support and partners
Cornell University Cooperative Extension
Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station
People involved with the project
Project Leader – Peter Smallidge. (607) 592 – 3640. email@example.com.
Owners, Managers, and Field Site Collaborators:
Cornell Agric. Expt. Station forest lands
Cornell’s Arnot Teaching and Research Forest
Herb Boyce, Clinton County
Judy Gianforte, Saratoga County
Mike Greason, Greene County
Karl Pierce, Lewis County
Ed Neuhauser, Tompkins County
Paul Osborn, Genesee County
Ron Pedersen, Broome County
Kevin Virkler, Adirondack League Club
Colleagues, Organizational Partners and Students
Dr. Ralph Nyland
Dr. Jeff Kochenderfer
Dr. Steve Horsley
Dr. Paul Curtis
Adirondack League Club
Mike Wine (2008)
Dan Schneider (2008)
Mark Baran (2009)
Gavin MacKellar (2009)
What issue or problem does this project address?
Beech and other clonal species (i.e., those that reproduce vegetatively via the root system) often interfere with commercially valuable hardwoods or reduce the availability of wildlife habitat. Few options exist to economically and effectively control beech on small parcels. Cut-stump herbicide treatments may provide a cost-effective tool to manage clonal species on small parcels
1. Identify and refine applications for stem-selective treatments of herbicides that forest practitioners can use to control interfering vegetation.
2. Increase the ability of forest practitioners to correctly select and apply the appropriate management technique for their forest and circumstances.
3. Provide current and comprehensive educational materials to CCE educators who help forest practitioners maintain healthy forests.
Research and Extension Activities
Summary of findings:
Project reports or documents and other resources
Other materials that relate to this project
Picture 1. Dr. Paul Curtis talks with members of the Adirondack Chapter of the Society of American Foresters at the Adirondack League Club. Research plots at ALC evaluated herbicide treatments to beech and the effects of deer exclusion fencing. Photo by Mike Ashdown.
Picture 2. Dr. Peter Smallidge, project leader, applies glyphosate to the freshly cut stump of American beech. Glyphosate is most effective if applied immediately after felling the tree. Glyphosate is applied to the outer two inches of the cut stump. Results indicate that a glyphosate concentration of approximate 25% is essentially as effective as the 53.8% concentrate.
Picture 3. Cut stump treatments, or in this case a resurfacing of a one month old beech stump, require a chainsaw, personal protective equipment, and herbicides. Because many loggers in NY are not certified applicators, techniques such as resurfacing and hole drilling were investigated in 2009 and 2010.
Picture 4. The effects of cut stump treatments on beech are evident within one month of treatments. A comparison among research sites suggests that areas having approximately 75 or more beech saplings per acre greater than 3” diameter can significantly reduce the effectiveness of glyphosate treatments.